Mushrooms are classified as vegetables in the food world, but they are not technically plants. They belong to the fungi kingdom. Mushrooms are edible fungi with various scientific names; their family name is ‘Agaricus’. The health benefits of mushrooms include weight loss, relief from high cholesterol levels and diabetes control.
They truly protect you against diseases and infections and are full of Protein, vitamins, minerals, amino acids, antibiotics and antioxidants. They are a rich source of fiber, selenium, vitamin c, and vitamin D and also help in increasing the strength of your immune system. They vary greatly in their color, texture, shape, and properties. The key to getting enough vitamins and minerals in the diet is to eat a colorful variety of fruits and vegetables. Except for medical purposes mushrooms are used as an ingredient in many traditional dishes and teas. Scientists have begun actively to research the medicinal properties of mushrooms and the effectiveness of the fungus in the fight against viruses and malignant diseases.
Mushrooms are healthy foods rich in various nutrients. As per the USDA Nutrient Database, mushrooms are a good source of vitamins and minerals including potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin C, vitamin B and vitamin D. Mushrooms are naturally low in sodium, fat, cholesterol and calories and have often been referred to as functional foods. It provides a nutritional breakdown of mushrooms and an in-depth look at their possible health benefits.
A number of B vitamins also appear to be important for a healthy brain. Pregnant women are advised to take folic acid, during pregnancy to boost fetal health. Mushrooms contain some of the most powerful natural medicines on the planet. There are a number of toxic mushrooms, and it’s easy to get them confused unless you have a lot of experience and know what to look for.
Growing your own is an excellent option and a far safer alternative to picking wild mushrooms. The tradition of mushroom use in the treatment of various diseases has been present for thousands of years.
Types of Mushrooms:
1 .White button Mushroom:
White buttons are best-known species of edible mushroom in the world with specific smell and taste. They can be found throughout the year in supermarkets and markets.
2. Shiitake mushrooms or black forest Mushrooms:
After white button mushrooms, shiitake are the most cultivated mushroom in the world. Shiitake mushrooms or black forest mushroom have a long reputation of medicinal mushrooms. It is also used for up-regulating the immune system.
3. Oyster Mushroom:
Oyster is not only very tasty mushrooms but also an excellent medicinal product that strengthens the immune system. Oyster consumption is associated with a stronger immune system.They are rich in protein and micronutrients, especially vitamin C and B vitamins (except vitamin B12).
4. Maitake Mushroom:
Maitake actually means “dancing mushroom. Maitake is high in ergosterin, which is an integral part of vitamin D. In Japan these mushrooms are regularly used in cooking and are an indispensable ingredient in many Japanese dishes
5. Chanterelles Mushroom:
This fungus is extremely rich in potassium, a mineral essential for digestion and heart function, and calcium, important for bones, and also full of magnesium (important for heart and circulatory system) and phosphorus (essential for brain function).
Health Benefits of Mushroom
- Mushrooms are a good source of selenium
- They also contain a good deal of water and fiber. Moreover, mushrooms contain natural insulin and enzymes which help the breaking down of sugar or starch in food.
- They also promote a healthy complexion and hair, increased energy, and overall lower weight.
- Mushrooms prevent Diabetes
- Mushrooms are a rich source of calcium, which is an essential nutrient in the formation and strengthening of bones.
- Vitamin D in mushrooms has also been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells by contributing to the regulation of the cell growth cycle.
- Calcium and phosphorus are also present in good amounts in mushroom, so the combined effects of having all of these nutrients make them a good idea to eat whenever possible.
- Mushrooms have rich in fiber. Fiber also benefits the digestive system and reduces the risk of heart disease and metabolic syndrome.
- That being said, the presence of this “master antioxidant” which is unique to mushrooms, can give a major boost to your immune system health.
- The fiber,potassium and vitamin C content in mushrooms all contribute to cardiovascular health.
- Mushrooms also contain natural antibiotics (similar to penicillin), which inhibit microbial growth and other fungal infections. The good combination of vitamin A, B-complex, and C that is found in them also strengthens the immune system.
- The beta-glean fibers found in the cell walls of mushrooms stimulate the immune system to fight cancer cells and prevent tumors from forming.
- Lowers the Blood pressure.
- Beta-gleans’ are a type of fiber that is found in the cell walls of many types of mushrooms.
- Mushrooms contain copper, which has a number of beneficial effects on the body.
- Mushrooms also contain chlorine an important nutrient that helps with sleep, muscle movement, learning and memory.
- Mushrooms also have high levels of iron, so the two works in tandem for healthy bones and also prevent anemia.
- Rich in selenium. Selenium is a mineral that is not present in most fruits and vegetables but can be found in mushrooms.
- The folate in mushrooms plays an important role in DNA synthesis and repair, thus preventing the formation of cancer cells from mutations in the DNA.
- This is exactly the combination that mushrooms offer to help in losing weight.
Mushrooms are a superfood and one of the most health-promoting foods on the planet.
“Let food be thy medicine” is good advice indeed, and with mushrooms that is especially true, as they contain some of the most powerful natural medicines on the planet.