Winter Illness

Some common winter diseases in India

Every season brings with it its own set of diseases and health issues, and autumn and winter are no exceptions to this. From hot summer days to leaping cold nights, we are exposed to the risk of acquiring diseases like a cough, cold, flu and more. Only a strong immune system can help you steer away from these seasonal ailments and keep you fit throughout. It is also that time of the year filled the approaching holidays and the wedding season.

However for many the winter season brings a lot of diseases with the onset of low temperatures. The most to get affected by every change of season is undoubtedly the kids, who tend to develop winter diseases and symptoms that put every mother in a tizzy. Only a strong immune system can help you steer away from these seasonal ailments and keep you fit throughout.

Some common winter diseases in India

1.Colds and Flu:

Contrary to popular belief, cold and flu symptoms are not a direct result of falling temperatures. Many individuals suffer from bacterial or viral induced cold and flu symptoms resulting from a compromised immune system. In the winter, when temperatures begin to fall, the body naturally begins to work in overdrive to regulate the normal body temperature. A self-limited contagious disease, it can be caused by many different types of viruses. Cold gives you a runny or stuffed nose, general fatigue, body ache and constant sneezing sessions.

2. Stomach Flu:

The most common symptoms of stomach infection include vomiting, excessive thirst, green stool, fever, diarrhea, loss of appetite and pain the abdominal area. It’s a self-treatable ailment and does not require any specific course of treatment. When your immune system becomes weak, your body faces difficulty in fighting against the effects of bacteria. Though it’s not something serious, it can surely turn troublesome for individuals who ignore seeking an early treatment

3. Coughs:

The dust, dryness and cold winds in the winter all add to cough symptoms. Having beverages of extreme temperatures also triggers a throat infection. Always wear a helmet or use scarves to protect yourself from the dust while rising two wheelers.

4. Heart attack:

Individuals with an underlying heart condition must take care of themselves, especially during the winter months. This is because, the changing season brings along many breathing problems, which directly or indirectly increase the chances a person suffering from a heart disease. Experts suggest, people over the age of 30 should avoid exhausting themselves in winter season. Also, do not overeat food during winters and preferably eat in small quantities.

5. Itchy skin:

A lot of people with sensitive skin develop itchy during winter. The best way to take care of this is by applying coconut, olive or almond oil every night. Cold temperature with low humidity results in this.

6. Pneumonia

One of the most significant diseases affecting people in autumn and winter months is Pneumonia. It’s a lung infection caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. it can gravely hamper the functionality of the lungs, the brain and many related organs of the body.

7. Headache:

Cold winds sometimes play havoc on your head. Hence, shield yourself with a warm muffler or scarf. If you drive a two-wheeler in India, invest in a good helmet and a muffler if you want to stay away with persistent headaches during winter.

8. Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis mainly appears in infants, but affect adults as well. While, at first, it seems quite similar to a common cold, but as the condition progresses, it causes a breathing problem.

9. Respiratory ailments:

In the winter season, the air molecules become thinner and more restricted. As a result, individuals suffering from respiratory conditions, such as asthma or COPD, may find it increasingly difficult to breathe during extreme cold temperatures. To negate this effect, when venturing into the outdoors, layering the face and chest in warm clothing and scarves will help. For some individuals, however, the winter season brings about a change in activity requiring a limitation to only indoor events. The cold and dry air leads to tightening of airways and makes it even worse while breathing. Making some changes can surely be helpful. Keep your homes smoke free as smoke can travel even through closed doors.

10. Throat Infection:

Most throat infections are a result of a persisting infection or some environmental factors, such as dry air. The good side of this infection is that it’s easily treatable and doesn’t post any serious risk to one’s health.

11. Joint Pain:

There is no scientific evidence to joint pains in winter season but there are many people who do suffer from the pain in winter. One of the most common remedies to get relief from joint pains is keeping yourselves and your feet warm. Also, wear two or three pairs of thin clothing instead of one pair of heavy warm clothes. Exercising is another way to get rid of all joint and muscle stiffness during winter time without overdoing it. Basking in the sun is also a great way to get rid of the joint aches.

12. Norovirus:

A highly contagious virus can spread through food and drink. One must visit a doctor if he/she develops diarrhea that doesn’t go away, in a couple of days. Having this infection makes an individual feel healthy to depreciate in just a day or two.

13. Sinusitis:

Congestion, headaches, coughing, running nose as well as post nasal drip symptoms make people feel miserable during winters. Sinus problems occur when homes are closed and there is no proper ventilation. To stay clear of sinusitis this season, make sure you get enough rest, eat healthy, drink plenty of fluids and avoid dust.

14. Raynaud’s Syndrome:

   This typically happens when the blood vessels present in these areas constrict. The best way to know you have Raynaud’s Syndrome is by studying its common symptoms – color changes in the skin, stinging pain and stress.

Winter is the season of fun and celebration. Don’t let yourself down with one of the diseases that keeps you away from experiencing these joys. Some precautions can keep these diseases at bay to get most out of this season.

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