Types of Cancer


Cancer is the name given to a collection of related diseases. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. A tumour is a lump or growth of tissue made up from abnormal cells. Tumours are divided into two types: benign and malignant. Cancer.Net offers individualized guides for more than 120 types of cancer and related hereditary syndromes. Each guide provides comprehensive, oncologist-approved information on. Oral cancer forms in the mouth, including on the lips, the inside lining of the lips and cheeks, the teeth, the gums, the tongue, the bottom of the mouth and the roof of the mouth. The five most common cancers in the UK are Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Bowel Cancer and Skin Cancer – but there are many more types. 

Types of Cancer

• Bladder Cancer

• Brain Cancer and Brain Tumours

• Breast Cancer

• Cancer of the Uterus (Endometrial Cancer)

• Cervical Cancer

• Childhood Leukaemia

• Colon, Rectal and Bowel Cancer (Colorectal Cancer)

• Gynaecological Cancer

• Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

• Kidney Cancer

• Leukaemia

• Lung Cancer

• Mouth Cancer (Oral Cancer)

• Neck Lumps and Bumps

• Neuroblastoma

• Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

• Oesophageal Cancer

• Ovarian Cancer

• Pancreatic Cancer

• Penile Cancer

• Primary Bone Cancer

• Primary Liver Cancer

• Testicular Cancer

• Throat Prostate Cancer

• Retinoblastoma

• Rhabdomyosarcoma

• Scrotal Lumps, Pain and Swelling

• Skin Cancer (Melanoma)

• Skin Cancer (Non-Melanoma)

• Stomach Cancer (Gastric Cancer)

• Cancer (Laryngeal Cancer)

• Thyroid Cancer

• Vulvar Cancer

• Wilms’ Tumour

Some Common Cancer Types

• Bladder Cancer

• Breast Cancer

• Colon and Rectal Cancer

• Endometrial Cancer

• Kidney Cancer

• Leukemia

• Liver Cancer

• Lung Cancer

• Melanoma

• Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

• Pancreatic Cancer

• Prostate Cancer

• Thyroid Cancer

Many cancers form solid tumors, which are masses of tissue. Cancers of the blood, such as leukemias, generally do not form solid tumors. Cancerous tumors are malignant, which means they can spread into or invade, nearby tissues. In addition, as these tumors grow, some cancer cells can break off and travel to distant places in the body through the blood or the lymph system and form new tumors far from the original tumor.