Swollen feet

Symptoms and cure for swollen feet

     Foot problems are common in both men and women after a certain age. The most common disorder of the foot is “swollen feet”.  swollen feet has become one of the leading causes of disability. In working professionals, swollen feet condition leads to a loss of productivity.

    Swollen feet can be caused by factors such as overuse, surgery, or pregnancy. Normally it’s temporary and not a cause for concern. If your feet remain swollen or are accompanied by other symptoms, it could be the sign of another health condition. Swelling of the ankle and feet is relatively frequent symptom in most people. In itself it does not represent a disease but rather the symptom of an underlying disease.

     The skin is easily indented when pressed down with a finger and slowly returns to its more puffy state when the finger pressure is removed. Swelling of the feet and ankles can occur as a result of conditions involving the local extremities as well as systemic conditions (diseases and conditions that affect the entire body). 

     Surveys also prove that women above 50 are more prone to swollen feet conditions. Nearly 10% women above 55 years of age suffer from swollen feet. People who have diabetes, heart problems, kidney or liver disease and pregnant women are more prone to this problem.

Causes for Swollen feet

  • Many medications have the side effects of fluid retention that manifests as swelling.
  • Injuries
  • A regular diet rich in protein (animal protein, red meat), urine and sodium
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy or after menopause
  • Pregnancy
  • Edema is a common condition where excess fluid is trapped in your body’s tissue. This causes swelling puffiness
  • Deficiency of essential vitamins and minerals in the regular diet
  • Presence of injured or damaged veins in the feet
  • Serious diseases like cardiovascular disorders, renal dysfunctions or liver diseases
  • Drinking alcohol can lead to swollen feet since your body retains more water after drinking
  • Foot injuries such as broken bones, strains and sprains can cause swollen feet
  • Blood clots
  • An excess intake of water or other fluids
  • Presence of kidney stones
  • Infections
  • Ankle arthritis
  • Spend long periods standing or sitting
  • Right heart failure (RHT)
  • Using defective footwear for a long time

Symptoms of Swollen feet

Swollen feet is not difficult to identify. The commonly observed symptoms are as follows

  • Overall swelling of feet (especially the bottom of feet)
  • Presence of one swollen foot and one normal foot at the same time
  • A feeling of heaviness in the legs
  • Swelling with or without pigmentation
  • Loss of sensation in the feet due to lack of circulation in the affected regions
  • Extreme tenderness, warmth, and sensitivity of the feet
  • Peeled off whitish flakes from the feet
  • Difficulty wearing normal footwear
  • Redness of feet
  • A feeling of heaviness in legs

Diagnosis

  • Chest X-ray, electrocardiogram and echocardiogram
  • Blood test to determine the blood-albumin level
  • Thyroid function tests
  • CT scan
  • MRI scan

Treatment ( Home remedies)

  • Keep your legs elevated
  •  A popular Ayurvedic treatment for swollen feet is coriander seeds. The anti-inflammatory property of these seeds helps reduce swelling as well as improve circulation
  • Wearing the best socks and shoes
  • Use foot bath with salt
  • Massage your swollen feet with ginger oil when massaging a few times daily.
  • Contract Hydrotheraphy
  • A foot massage is one of the best remedies for swollen feet.
  • Drinking lemon water helps flush out excess fluid and toxins from your body, which can reduce swelling in the feet and other areas of the body caused by water retention.
  • Exercise is important for swelling feet.
  • Swimming is one of the best exercise for swollen feet

 If the swelling is painful or occurs often, consult your doctor. It can be a sign of heart, kidney or liver problems that may need timely treatment.

 

 

 

 

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