Spondilitis

An Overview

Arthritis of the spine is called Spondylitis. Pain and stiffness that starts from the neck and continues up to the lower back is called spondylitis. It may also result in deformity of the spine leading to a stooped posture. Spondylitis is a condition that is debilitating and prevents one from performing the normal day to day activities.
Spondylitis affects a number of people irrespective of age or gender. Besides the pain, stiffness, bony growths on the spine, pain in ligament and tendons, a person may suffer from other conditions like fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, redness of eyes.

Types of spondylitis include:

1. Ankylosing Spondylitis:

In this, there is inflammation in the spine and pelvis which also causes inflammatory back pain. This usually starts at the age of 45 and it most of the time improves by continuous activity but not by resting.
As time passes inflammation may lead to ankylosis which is the formation of new bone in the spine. Thus making the spine fixed in an immobile position.

2. Enteropathic Arthritis:

This is associated with inflammatory bowel disease. In this, there is inflammation of the intestine and it includes bowel which is again a dominant feature of enteropathic arthritis.
Its symptoms include abdominal pain, weight loss, chronic diarrhoea, blood in the stool.

3. Psoriatic Arthritis:

In this, there is constant swelling and pain in the joints of the hands and feet. In some people, there is also a skin rash due to psoriatic arthritis. Sometimes there is also stiffness in the spine.

4. Reactive Arthritis:

In reactive arthritis infection takes place in the intestine or the urinary tract. This can also cause inflammation and pain in the joints, eyes, genitals, bladder, mucous membrane.

5. Juvenile Spondyloarthritis:

These symptoms begin in childhood and looks like normal spondylitis. In this, there is inflammation at the meeting points of tendons or ligaments.

What are the symptoms of spondylitis

Most of the time spondylitis is due to age-related problems and they do not experience any exact symptoms.
The most common symptoms of spondylitis are mild pain and stiffness which may get worse after a certain period of time and by sitting for longer hours. Symptoms can vary from person to person and are heavily dependent on the severity of the ankylosing spondylitis. Some of the more common symptomsinclude: Spondylitis is one of the most common causes of neck and back pain.

There can be some of the severe symptoms too which include:

• Poor coordination
• Pain in the muscles or spasm
• A popping or grinding feeling while moving the spine
• Weakness in the hand or legs
• Loss of control on the bladder or bowel control
• Difficulty in walking or loss of balance

Causes of Spondilitis

• Dehydrated disks. Disks act like cushions between the vertebrae of your spine. …
• Herniated disks. Age also affects the exterior of your spinal disks. …
• Bone spurs. Disk degeneration often results in the spine producing extra amounts of bone in a misguided effort to strengthen the spine. …
• Stiff ligaments

Digital Diagnostic Testing

Spondylitis affects the structures of the spine and typically causes a ‘hunched forward’ posture. This places a great deal of stress on the muscles that support the spine.
QI Spine Clinic uses the most advanced spine function test – the Digital Spine Analysis (DSA) to pinpoint muscles and structures that have been affected by spondylitis. This allows QI spine specialists to create targeted treatment protocols to strengthen these muscles which reduces pain and improves muscle function and mobility.

Treatment

There is no cure for spondylitis. However, treatments can help manage the condition and alleviate symptoms.
Treatment options may include the following:

  • Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Contortionists
  • Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) medication
  • Physical therapy, which may include massage and spinal manipulation to improve and maintain spine flexibility
  • Exercises to alleviate joint pain and stiffness
  • Breathing exercises to ensure normal chest expansion

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