Skin Disorders

An Overview

Good treatments are available for a variety of skin conditions, including rash, itchy skin, skin fungus or infection, skin bumps or skin tags. A dermatologist can advise you on the best way to clean treat and protect oily or dry skin. Chronic skin conditions typically aren’t curable, but they can be managed using drugs and by paying close attention to your lifestyle.

Skin disorders vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent and may be painless or painful. Some have situational causes, while others may be genetic. Some skin conditions are minor and others can be life-threatening. Your body’s biggest organ, your skin shields you from the elements but while it’s tough, it’s not impenetrable.

Allergens, environmental irritants, infection, hereditary factors, and stress are just a few of the forces that can trigger or exacerbate skin troubles.Your skin can be a reflection of your overall health, and as such, changes in color, texture, or appearance may signal trouble. Inflammation of the skin is a common symptom of skin disorders, such as psoriasis and eczema.

Skin Diseases

1. Acne:

Acne is usually associated with hormonal fluctuations experienced during your teenage years, but adults can experience acne, too.

Blackheads

Blackheads occur when a pore is clogged by a combination of sebum and dead skin cells. The top of the pore stays open, despite the rest of it being clogged. This results in the characteristic black color seen on the surface.

Whiteheads

Whiteheads can also form when a pore gets clogged by sebum and dead skin cells. But unlike with blackheads, the top of the pore closes up. It looks like a small bump protruding from the skin.

  • Commonly located on the face, neck, shoulders, chest, and upper back
  •  Breakouts on the skin composed of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, or deep, painful cysts and nodules
  •  May leave scars or darken the skin if untreated

2. Eczema:

Eczema is term for a group of medical conditions that cause the skin to become inflamed or irritated. Atopic refers to a person’s tendency to get allergic conditions such as asthma and hay fever. Eczema looks different for everyone. And your flare-ups won’t always happen in the same area.
No matter which part of your skin is affected, eczema is almost always itchy.

  • Atopic dermatitis. This is what people are usually talking about when they say “eczema.”
  • Contact dermatitis. Nearly everyone gets this at some point in their lives. It happens when your skin comes into contact with something that causes a rash.
  •  Dyshidrotic eczema. This happens when your skin doesn’t protect itself the way it should.
    Some people have flare-ups of the itchy rash in response to things like:
  •  Rough or coarse fabric
  •  Feeling too hot or cold
  •  Household products like soap or detergent
  •  Animal dander
  •  Respiratory infections or colds

3. Psoriasis:

Psoriasis is a common skin disorder that forms thick, red, bumpy patches covered with silvery scales. They can pop up anywhere, but most appear on the scalp, elbows, knees and lower back. Some slow the growth of new skin cells, and others relieve itching and dry skin

  • Psoriasis starts as small, red bumps, which grow bigger and form scales.
  •  The skin appears thick but may bleed easily if you pick or rub off the scales.
  •  Rashes may itch and skin may become cracked and painful . Nails may form pits, thicken, crack and become loose.

4. Rosacea:

Rosacea is a common disorder that mainly affects skin on the face. It causes redness on the nose, chin, cheeks, and forehead. Over time, the redness can become more intense, taking on a ruddy appearance. People who have fair skin and who tend to blush easily may be at a higher risk for the disorder. Rosacea appears more often among women, but men tend to have the more severe symptoms.

  • Flushing. Many people who have rosacea have a history of frequent blushing or flushing. The facial redness, which may come and go, often is the earliest sign of the disorder.
  •  Persistent redness. Persistent facial redness may resemble a blush or sunburn that does not go away.
  •  Bumps and pimples. Small red solid bumps or pus-filled pimples often develop in rosacea.
  •  Plaques. Raised red patches may develop without changes in the surrounding skin.
  • Skin thickening. In some cases of rosacea, the skin may thicken and enlarge from excess tissue, resulting in a condition called rhinophyma.

5. Blister:

A blister, which is also called a vesicle by medical professionals, is a raised portion of skin that is filled with fluid. You’re probably familiar with blisters if you’ve ever worn ill-fitting shoes for too long. Blisters are often annoying, painful, or uncomfortable. But in most cases, they aren’t a symptom of anything serious and will heal without any medical intervention.

  • The viruses HSV-1 and HSV-2 cause oral and genital lesions
  •  These painful blisters occur alone or in clusters and weep clear yellow fluid and then crust over
  •  Signs also include mild flu-like symptoms such as fever, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, headache, body aches, and decreased appetite
  •  Characterized by watery, clear, fluid-filled area on the skin
  •  May be smaller than 1 cm (vesicle) or larger than 1 cm (bulla) and occur alone or in groups
  •  Can be found anywhere on the body.
  •  Itchy, raised welts that occur after exposure to an allergen
  •  Red, warm and mildly painful to the touch
  •  Can be small, round, and ring-shaped or large and randomly shaped

6. Hives:

Hives, also known as urticaria, are itchy, raised welts that are found on the skin. They are usually red, pink, or flesh-colored, and sometimes they sting or hurt. In most cases, hives are caused by an allergic reaction to a medication or food or a reaction to an irritant in the environment. Hives are usually caused by an allergic reaction to something that you have encountered or swallowed. When you have an allergic reaction, your body begins to release histamines into your blood

  •  Itchy, raised welts that occur after exposure to an allergen
  •  Red, warm and mildly painful to the touch

Can be small, round and ring-shaped or large and randomly shaped
The most common causes of hives are allergic reactions. These can be caused by any allergen you might be sensitive to, including:

  •  Foods (such as nuts, milk, and eggs)
  • Pet dander
  • Pollen
  • Dust mites
  • Insect bites or stings

7. Fungal nail infection:

A condition in which fungus lives near, under and around the nails, usually in the feet. The fungal buildup causes the nail’s edges to crumble away, producing white-yellowish scaling and flaking on the surface of the nails.
When facing any skin disorder, it is important for people not to do so alone.

Teaming up with a doctor or dermatologist to diagnose any skin disease is the only way to be sure it is correctly diagnosed and dealt with.

Hope this Symptoms and cure article will be helpful to all. Do not forget to share your valuable suggestions if any.

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