Skin diseases

Description

    Skin disorders vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent, and may be painless or painful. Some skin conditions are minor, and others can be life-threatening. There are many different types of skin diseases, but some of the more common kinds are psoriasis, eczema, herpes simplex, lupus, acne, rosacea and skin cancer.

     There are two main types of skin cancer: Non-melanoma and melanoma. Melanoma is the more deadly, while non-melanoma is the more common. Allergies, irritants, genetic makeup, certain diseases and immune system problems can cause skin conditions.

Different Types of Skin Diseases

1. Acne:

   Commonly located on the face, neck, shoulders, chest and upper back. It is caused when blocked skin follicles from a plug caused by oil from glands, bacteria and dead cells clump together and swell. Breakouts on the skin composed of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples or deep, painful cysts and nodules. Acne is usually associated with hormonal fluctuations experienced during your teenage years, but adults can experience acne, too. Non inflammatory acne includes blackheads and whiteheads. These normally don’t cause swelling. The excess oil clogs skin and bacteria irritate the skin’s pores creating red lumps. Another disease that affects the skin, lupus, may worsen during exposure to the sun as lesions or sores often occur in sunlight.

2. Rosacea:

   Rosacea is one of the skin diseases than may be difficult to diagnose. Since it may include pimples, rosacea is sometimes misdiagnosed as acne. Rosacea occurs when blood vessels in the face become enlarged. The cause of rosacea has not been determined. It may be a combination of hereditary and environmental factors Relapses may be triggered by spicy foods, alcoholic beverages, sunlight, stress, and the intestinal bacteria Helicobacter pylori. It may also be confused with a sunburn since it usually first appears as a redness on the face.  There are four subtypes of rosacea encompassing a wide variety of symptoms. Common symptoms include facial flushing, raised, red bumps, facial redness, skin dryness and skin sensitivity.

3. Herpes:

   Herpes simplex is one of the skin diseases caused by viruses and it is contagious. It looks like very small blisters clustered together. Herpes simplex 1 (HSV-1) usually appears as cold sores around the mouth.

4. Melanoma:

   Melanoma is the more deadly, while non-melanoma is the more common. Actually, non-melanoma is one of the most common kinds of cancer. The most serious form of skin cancer, more common in fair-skinned people Mole anywhere on the body that has irregularly shaped edges, asymmetrical shape, and multiple colors, Skin cancer is thought to be caused mainly by sun exposure and sunburns. Although skin cancer can affect anyone, people with fair skin and light-colored eyes are the most susceptible to it. Mole that has changed color or gotten bigger over time, Usually larger than a pencil eraser.

5. Rosacea :

  Rosacea is one of the skin diseases than may be difficult to diagnose. Since it may include pimples, rosacea is sometimes misdiagnosed as acne. It may also be confused with a sunburn since it usually first appears as a redness on the face. Rosacea occurs when blood vessels in the face become enlarged. It is a long-term disease that causes reddened skin and pimples, usually on the face. It can also make the skin thicker and cause eye problems.

6. Eczema:

   Eczema is also called atopic dermatitis and it often begins in early childhood. Babies may get the dry, red patches of eczema on their face, arms or neck. Yellow or white scaly patches that flake off, Affected areas may be red, itchy, greasy or oily, Hair loss may occur in the area with the rash. Extreme itchiness is usually present with eczema and blistering may occur. Flare ups of eczema can be provoked by scratching or after sun exposure.

7. Latex Allergy:

   Some people are allergic to latex, which is found in rubber gloves and other products, such as condoms and some medical devices. Rash may occur within minutes to hours after exposure to a latex product Warm, itchy, red wheals at the site of contact that may take on a dry, crusted appearance with repeated exposure to latex, Airborne latex particles may cause cough, runny nose, sneezing and itchy, watery eyes.

8. Psoriasis:

   Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory autoimmune skin disease. Scaly, silvery, sharply defined skin patches, Commonly located on the scalp, elbows, knees and lower back May be itchy or asymptomatic. Psoriasis gets better and worse spontaneously and can have periodic remissions (clear skin). Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes red, scaly skin that may feel painful, swollen or hot. Learn more about the types and what causes psoriasis.

9. Hives:

  Itchy, raised welts that occur after exposure to an allergen Red, warm and mildly painful to the touch, Can be small, round and ring-shaped or large and randomly shaped. Hives usually itch, but they may also burn or sting. They can show up anywhere on your body, including the face, lips, tongue, throat and ears.

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