Sinus

Sinus infection is inflammation of the air cavities within the passages of the nose. Sinusitis means your sinuses are inflamed. The cause can be an infection or another problem. Your sinuses are hollow air spaces within the bones surrounding the nose. They produce mucus, which drains into the nose. If your nose is swollen, this can block the sinuses and cause pain.

Symptoms of Sinus:

  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Cough
  • Congestion
  • There may also be mucus drainage in the back of the throat
  • Cloudy discolored nasal or postnasal drainage,
  • Feeling of nasal stuffiness,
  • Sore throat
  • pressure orpain in the sinuses, in the ears and teeth
  • Congestion is a feeling of nasal stuffiness, and occurs with both infectious and non-infectious sinusitis.
  • Ear pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
  • Bad breathusually is due to bacterial infections

Causes of Sinus

  • Most sinus infections start with a cold. Colds are caused by a virus, which can make nasal tissue swell, blocking the holes that normally drain sinuses.
  • Nasal polyps
  • Deviated nasal septum
  • Inflammation can block the nasal passages and prevent draining, allergies are often associated with sinus infections.
  • Bacterial infections rarely cause sinus infection
  • Allergens and pollutants in the air—like dust, outdoor air pollution, and strong odors like perfume—may contribute to coughing, irritate your nose, and cause inflammation that can increase your risk of sinusitis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Respiratory tract infections
  • Hay fever
  • lack of sufficient humidity in the air.

Types of Sinus

Normally all sinuses are open to the nasal airway through an ostium. Humans have four pair of these cavities each referred to as the:

  1. Frontal sinus (in forehead),
  2. Maxillary sinus (behind cheeks),
  3. Ethmoid sinuses (between the eyes), and
  4. Sphenoid sinus (deep behind the ethmoids).

Treatment and Home remedies:

  • Antibiotics are standard treatments for bacterial sinus infections.
  • Warm wash cloth Compression
  • Nasal decongestant sprays. Topical nasal decongestants can be helpful if used for no more than three to four days.
  • Acupressure
  • Nasal decongestants and antihistamines
  • Steam Inhalation
  • Topical nasal corticosteroids
  • keep the body hydrated
  • Nasal saline washes
  • Essential oils, including menthol relieves sinus pressure
  • Rest and relax.

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