Ringworm

Ringworm isn’t a worm. It’s a skin infection that’s caused by mold like fungi that live on the dead tissues of your skin, hair and nails. You can get it in any of these places — and on your scalp.
Ringworm is a contagious fungal infection caused by mold-like parasites that live on the cells in the outer layer of your skin. It can be spread in the following ways: Human to human. Ringworm often spreads by direct, skin-to-skin contact with an infected person.
Ringworm infection can affect both humans and animals. The infection initially presents with red patches on affected areas of the skin and later spreads to other parts of the body. The infection may affect the skin of the scalp, feet, groin, beard and other areas.

Symptoms of ringworm
• Athlete’s foot
• red, itchy, scaly or raised patches
• Pus-filled, raised blisters
• patches that develop blisters or begin to ooze
• Infection in areas like groin, inner thighs, beard, hands, scalp and in between the fingernails and toenails.
• patches that may be redder on the outside edges or resemble a ring
• patches with edges that are defined and raised

Treatment
• The best antifungal creams used for this infection are miconazole or terbinafine, which should be applied twice in a day on the infected region until the symptoms withdraw
• avoid clothing that irritates the infected area
• cover it with a bandage if you’re unable to avoid clothing that irritates the area
• Amphotericin B is a very powerful fungicide that is used in the most serious cases of fungal infections
• There are many home remedies which help to prevent and control the infections. Using talcum powder is recommended as it helps to control sweating
• Home remedies include neem, which is a particularly effective antimicrobial and antifungal age
• wash bedding and clothes daily during an infection to help disinfect your surroundings
• clean and dry your skin regularly

Prevention is better than cure
• wash your hands after interacting with an animal
• disinfect and clean pet living areas
• avoid people or animals with ringworm if you have a weakened immune system
• Avoid sharing clothing, towels, hair accessories, hats and other personal care items.
• Keep personal items clean at all times and dry them after use
• shower and shampoo your hair regularly
• wear shoes if showering in community areas
• avoid sharing personal items like clothing or hair brushes with people who might have ringworm
• Have your footwear on at lockers, gyms and pools.
• Try not to touch pets that have bald spots.

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