Measles

An Overview

Measles is an Infectious disease caused by the rubella virus
Measles starts with a cough, runny nose, red eyes and fever. Then a rash of tiny, red spots breaks out.
It starts at the head and spreads to the rest of the body. It spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes
The virus can stay active on surfaces and in the air for up to 2 hours.

Symptoms of Virus

The fever will last 4 to 7 days. It is an unpleasant condition but one that normally passes without treatment within 7 to 10 days.

  • Cough
  • Runny Nose
  • Red Eyes
  • Rashe
  •  Fever
  • Watery eyes
  • Generalized body ache
  •  Very small grayish spots  

The rash usually starts behind the ears and spreads over the head and neck. After a couple of days, it spreads to the rest of the body, including the legs. As the spots grow, they often join together.

How it Spreads
    • By Skin to Skin Contact
    • By Mother to Baby by Pregnancy or Nursing
    • By Saliva
    • By air

There are two types of measles:
  • Measles: This is the standard form caused by the rubeola virus.
  • Rubella, or German measles: This is caused by the rubella

Treatment
There’s no specific treatment for measles.
Home remedies are simply treatment with lots of rest and fluids.
Vitamin A may help with symptoms
  • measles vaccine given within 72 hours of exposure
  • a dose of immune proteins called immunoglobulin, taken within six     days of exposure.

Prevention is better than cure
MMR vaccine
A combination vaccine that protects against measles, mumps and Rubella

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