Melasma or hyperpigmentation is a specific skin condition characterized by uneven patches of brownish skin that is caused due to uneven distribution of the skin pigment melanin in the skin. Melasma can affect both men and women but it is more common among women when compared to men and it occurs mainly during pregnancy. Melasma can appear on the forehead, cheeks, nose and chin and above upper lips and other body parts like forearms and neck. It is best to address this skin problem with home remedies that are effective yet gentle on the skin.
There are a lot of reasons for hyperpigmentation, the biggest baddy being the sun. Sun exposure can cause rapid multiplication on melanocytes (melanin containing cells). Don’t get us wrong, we love a sun-kissed tan but you absolutely cannot go sunbathing without appropriate sun protection. Other common reasons for pigmentation can be genetics, hormonal changes, allergic reactions, certain hair removal practices and abrupt weight gain.
Pigmentation refers to the coloring of the skin. Skin pigmentation disorders cause changes to the color of your skin. Melanin is made by cells in the skin and is the pigment responsible for your skin’s color.
Here are 10 Tips to cure pigmentation
Turmeric, commonly known as the holy powder has potent medicinal properties which make it a popular ingredient in ayurvedic medicine. It is especially effective for curing skin diseases and issues related to skin.
Make a thick paste by mixing 5 tablespoons of turmeric with 10 tablespoons of milk. You can also add 1 teaspoon of gram flour to thicken the paste. Apply this paste on the skin affected by hyperpigmentation and let it dry out completely. Then rinse your skin with lukewarm water while massaging gently using a circular motion. Repeat this cure daily for best results.
2. Red Onions:
Hyper pigmentation occurs due to the oxidation of melanocytes. Since Red Onions contain Vitamin C, a well-known anti-oxidant, they’re just right for the job. Research has found that the dried skin of red onions can effectively lighten skin. Look for creams for hyper pigmentation that contain Alliums cepa and use as directed.
Cut a slice of the red onion, Rub onto the affected area, Wash off with lukewarm water after 10mins and Repeat twice a day until you see a difference.
3. Lemon Juice:
When it comes to improving skin complexion naturally, there is no other remedy like raw lemon juice. Topical application of lemon juice is considered a potent melasma natural treatment that works the peeling off the damaged outer layer of the skin, thus removing the melasma pigmentation.
Squash out the juice from one lemon and apply it thoroughly all over the affected areas rubbing gently for 2 minutes. Leave it like that for 20 minutes and then wash off with lukewarm water. Repeat this cure 2 times a day for 3 weeks to see wonderful results.
4. Raw Potato:
Potatoes possess in abundance, slow down and restrict the production of pigments in certain areas.
The remedy is extremely simple. Cut a raw potato in half, add a few drops of water to it, Directly apply to the affected area, Rub in circular motions for 3-4 minutes, Rinse with lukewarm water and Repeat 2-3 times a week, for a month to see visible results.
5. Apple Cider Vinegar:
Apple cider vinegar is an extremely popular treatment for various types of skin and hair problems. It is used as a popular ingredient in natural hair mask for dull and damaged hair and is also considered one of the functional home remedies for melasma. Is there anything our beloved ACV can’t fix? The beta-carotene in this miraculous potion frees your skin of free radicals in the atmosphere that dull the gleam on your face, leaving it supple and dewy.
Mix equal shares of apple cider vinegar and water and apply a generous amount of the solution to the melasma spots and allow it to air dry. Then wash the areas with lukewarm water and pat dry using a clean towel. Follow this treatment 1 time every day for required results.
Papaya is an extremely versatile fruit that has numerous uses for the skin. Both raw and ripe papayas are used for using several skin issues, and ripe papaya is widely used in fruit facial masks. The natural active enzyme papain present in papaya works as an exfoliant that removes the damaged and dead skin cells and helps in restoring a smooth and even skin tone. Papayas are the unsung heroes of exfoliation. The enzyme called papain is the key exfoliator and has properties you’ll find in most exfoliating products, breaking down those dark patches.
Mash a few pieces of ripe papaya to bring it to a paste like consistency and add 2 teaspoons of honey to it. Mix well and apply the mask all over the affected skin. Wait for 20 minutes and wash off with lukewarm water.
The benefits of almonds and almond milk for skin need no new emphasis. A nourishing and exfoliating scrub made of almonds and honey is undoubtedly the best treatment for melasma. The high protein content in almonds has the capacity to lighten skin complexion. Almonds are known to possess fatty acids that restore the nutrients to your skin making it plump and healthy.
Grind 8 to 10 almonds to make a coarse paste and add enough honey to make a thick paste. Smear this mixture on the affected skin, massage for 5 minutes and leave it on for another 20 minutes.
8. Vitamin E:
There has been enough research to prove that Vitamin E neutralises the effects of UV radiation and repairs skin. Since we know that the sun’s harmful UV rays are the cause of expedited melanin production, this remedy is a keeper. Vitamin E capsules are readily available at all chemists, so procuring them won’t be a tough task.
Puncture 2-3 Vitamin E capsules and pour the contents out into a bowl containing 2-3 drops of castor oil, Apply to the pigmented areas and leave overnight, Rinse off in the am with lukewarm water and Repeat 2-3 times a week.
9. Aloe Vera Gel:
The amazing hydrating properties of aloe vera gel make it a popular ingredient in many skin care products and it is one of the beneficial natural remedies for melasma. It is also used to treat numerous skin diseases, and it is a potent cure for treating ringworm. Aloe vera contains aloin, a natural depigmenting compound that has been shown to lighten skin and work. The potent antioxidant properties of aloe vera gel protect the skin from the damage caused by oxidative stress. It is best if you have access to pure aloe vera gel. pply pure aloe vera gel evenly on the affected skin and massage gently for 2 minutes. Leave it on for 15 minutes and then wash off with lukewarm water.
Milk, buttermilk and even sour milk have all been shown to effectively lighten skin discoloration. Lactic acid is the ingredient responsible for this effect.
To use any of these to treat pigmentation Soak a cotton ball in the milk, Rub it over darkened skin patches twice a day and Repeat daily until you see results.
Some other Tips
• Masoor dal face masks, which are made from red lentils are popular as a hyper pigmentation treatment.
• Apply Tomato paste for best result.
• Green tea bags to dark spots for a lightening effect, though there is no evidence to back this claim.
• Oatmeal is also an effective way to get rid of melasma naturally. A nourishing oatmeal scrub is the best solution to the question of how to get rid of dead skin cells.
Hope this Symptoms and cure article will be helpful to all. Do not forget to share your valuable suggestions if any.