Inflammation reflects the body’s biochemical/cellular response, which includes cells (WBCs, lymphocytes), chemicals (cytokines, irritants), and infectious agents (pathogens) in a complex symphony of protection, support, and eradication.
It occurs as part of the body’s natural response to an injury or infection. This biological response is a sign that the body is trying to heal itself from an injury, infection, or physical trauma.
Inflammation is manifested in the form of localized swelling, redness, pain, and a raised temperature of the affected region. The inflammatory response is vital for eliminating harmful substances and healing infections, wounds, and tissue damage.
Types of Inflammation
1. Acute inflammation:
Acute inflammation is an inflammation which is a rapid host response that serves to deliver leukocytes and plasma proteins, like antibodies, to sites of infection or tissue injury.
2. Chronic inflammation:
Chronic inflammation is an inflammation of prolonged duration such as weeks or months, in which inflammation, tissue injury and attempts to repair co-exist, in varying combinations.
Symptoms of inflammation
Symptoms of inflammation depending on whether the reaction is acute or chronic. So following are the symptoms of inflammation:
• Joint pain
• Joint stiffness
• Loss of joint function
• Fatigue/loss of energy
• Loss of appetite
• Muscle stiffness
1. Apply Hot and Cold Compress:
Heat and cold treatment can help in reducing inflammation and pain. Applying heat compress to the affected area helps improve flexibility and reduces muscle tension, whereas cold therapy aids in numbing the pain and reducing inflammation. Heat and cold therapies can be applied simultaneously as well as separately.
2. Black pepper:
Black pepper is known as the “King of Spices,” it has been valued for its flavor and antibacterial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory benefits. However, most studies have shown that the chemical compounds of black pepper, particularly piperine, may be effective in the early acute inflammatory process.
Piperine has been shown to reduce inflammation even at low doses. It can low the spread of cancer and also has been shown to low the perception of pain and arthritis symptoms.
3. Green Tea:
The preventative effects of green tea against heart disease and cancer are well established.
However, most of the studies have shown that green tea can be an effective anti-inflammatory, especially for the treatment of arthritis. Moreover, it can also reduce inflammation of the digestive tract, potentially helping conditions such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerate colitis. Green tea is recommended to drink 3 to 4 cups daily. Also, green tea extract can be found in pill form.
4. Drink Turmeric Milk:
Turmeric is a traditional treatment to heal inflammation. The anti-inflammatory compound curcumin in turmeric can help reduce inflammation and pain.
In a study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, researchers concluded that curcumin has an inhibitory effect on many molecules that cause inflammation after reviewing several studies on curcumin.
5. Ice Pack:
This is the simplest and one of the most beneficial home remedies for pain and inflammation. The cold ice constricts the blood vessels leading to the painful area. This reduces the supply of blood to the affected part and as such the swelling decreases.
Clove can be used directly to the gums for the treatment of a toothache or for pain control. However, cloves have been also shown to reduce mouth and throat inflammation.
Moreover, it can also be used to treat diarrhea, nausea, hernia, bad breath, etc. This is a perfect herbal remedy for pain and inflammation. The powdered or dried flower buds are delicious in many dishes as well as in desserts and also in hot drinks.
7. Epsom Salt:
Epsom salt contains magnesium sulfate that provides instant relief from aching joints and inflammation. It is an effective muscle relaxant and drains out the accumulation of tissue fluid around joints thereby doing away with inflammation.
• Prepare a warm bath and add half a cup of Epsom salt to the water.
• Stir well and then soak the painful and inflamed area in the Epsom bath for about twenty minutes.
• Do this thrice a week until the pain dissipates.
8. Drink Ginger Tea:
This pungent flavored herb is another useful way to treat inflammation. Ginger comes with anti-inflammatory properties, owing to the presence of a compound known as gingerol.
According to a study that can be found in the Journal of Medicinal Food, this spice affects specific inflammatory processes at the cellular level. It also helps block COX-2, a pain-causing chemical found in the body.
9. Apple cider vinegar:
The alkalizing impact of apple cider vinegar breaks down the building up of harmful toxins in the swollen and painful area of the body. This vinegar helps to enhance mobility and alleviates the pain to a great extent.
• Take two cups of water in a bowl and two teaspoonfuls of apple cider vinegar(2) into it.
• Mix this well. Take small sips of this mixture throughout the entire day.
• Do this daily and the pain and inflammation will heal in a week or so.
10. Oil of Sesame and Lemon:
The citric acid present in lemon helps to break down the crystals of uric acid thereby alleviating pain and inflammation in joints.
• Take two lemons and chop them into small pieces.
• Wrap the pieces in a clean cloth and dip it in lukewarm sesame oil.
• Apply this soaked cloth on the affected part with gentle pressure for about ten to twenty minutes.
• Do this daily until the pain disappears.
11. Herbal Therapy:
When it comes to keeping inflammation in check, there is one thing you can do that is more important than anything else: Take herbs. Herbal therapy counteracts every aspect of chronic inflammation in several ways:
• Herbs provide potent antioxidants that directly neutralize damaging free radicals.
• Certain herbs, such as turmeric, block inflammatory messengers.
• The phytochemicals of herbs modulate or balance immune system functions, which calms destructive inflammation.
• Certain herbs contain phytochemicals that suppress microbes that are flourishing in tissues.