Dandruff is a condition in which dead skin cells are shed from the scalp in large enough amounts to be noticeable. When these dead cells stick together, often because of surface debris and oil in the hair, they are noticeable as flakes in the scalp and on clothing. Dandruff is a mild form of seborrhea dermatitis of unknown cause. It is more of a nuisance and a cosmetic problem than a medical one.
Most people experience dandruff at some point in their lives, but it is more common from the teenage years up to midlife. There are various possible causes, including seborrhea dermatitis, allergic reactions, psoriasis, and eczema. An overreaction to Malassezia, a yeast that occurs on the scalp, is among the causes of seborrheic dermatitis.
Various factors increase the risk of developing dandruff, including a person’s age, the weather, stress levels, medical conditions, and choice of hair products.
Symptoms for Dandruff
Dandruff signs and symptoms may include:
• Skin flakes on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard or mustache, and shoulders
• Itchy scalp
• Scaly, crusty scalp in infants with cradle cap
The signs and symptoms may be more severe if you’re stressed, and they tend to flare in cold, dry seasons.
Causes of Dandruff
Dandruff may have several causes, including:
• Irritated, oily skin
• Dry skin
• A yeastlike fungus (malassezia) that feeds on oils on the scalps of most adults
• Sensitivity to hair care products (contact dermatitis)
• Other skin conditions, such as psoriasis and eczema
Often, it is not clear why dandruff occurs, but here are some possible factors:
People with seborrheic dermatitis have irritated, oily skin and are more likely to have dandruff. The skin will be red, greasy, and covered with flaky white or yellow scales. It can affect the scalp, the backs of the ears, the eyebrows, the chest, and other parts of the body.
Certain skin conditions
Apart from psoriasis, some conditions can cause flaking skin on the scalp, such as:
• ringworm, a fungal infection that is different from malassezia
• contact dermatitis
Dandruff often stems from Malassezia, a fungus that commonly lives on the scalp and feeds on the oils secreted by hair follicles. Malassezia is not usually a problem, but in some people the immune system overreacts to it. This can cause the scalp to become irritated and produce extra skin cells.
Dietary factors may play a role. Nutrients that may help include:
• zinc, if a person has a deficiency
• B vitamins, also if a person has a deficiency
• a type of omega-6 fat known as gamma linolenic acid, which is present in evening primrose oil.
Home remedies for Dandruff
1. Apply Mehndi:
You can cure dandruff using mehndi. Mehndi works well on your hair and softens it. Here is how you prepare the mehndi mix for your hair.
Mehndi needs to be prepared the right way and this mix has a prescribed manner in which it needs to be prepared.
• Firstly, mix mehndi with curd and a little bit of lemon juice
• Once this is formed as a paste, keep the mixture aside for 8 hours.
• After 8 hours you can apply it on your hair
• Let it dry over your hair for two hours and then you can wash it away.
2. Coconut Oil with Lemon:
Coconut oil is said to keep your hair nourished and when this is mixed with little lemon juice, it can cure dandruff. This is also an easy home remedy to get rid of those tiny flakes that pull your confidence down. Follow these simple tips and get rid of dandruff permanently.
Preparation of Coconut Oil with Lemon:
Follow these simple steps and get rid of dandruff quickly:
• Firstly you need to heat 2 tablespoons of coconut oil and mix it equally with some mixture of lemon juice.
• Once this is done, you can apply this on your scalp and massage your hair gently with it.
• After this is done, leave it for 20 minutes and then rinse it off with some shampoo.
3. Aloe vera:
Aloe vera is a succulent that’s often added to skin ointments, cosmetics, and lotions. When applied to the skin, it may help treat skin conditions such as burns, psoriasis, and cold sores. According to one review, the antibacterial and antifungal properties of aloe vera may also protect against dandruff. Similarly, several test-tube studies show that aloe vera may be effective against several species of fungi and may help control certain fungal infections
4. Fenugreek Seeds:
Fenugreek seeds are used as a preventive cure for dandruff. Also known as methi seeds, this procedure needs to be followed in the right way possible.
Fenugreek is said to benefit people suffering from low blood sugar and boosts testosterone and also milk production for mothers. Fenugreek has multiple benefits such as regulating cholesterol levels and keeps your appetite in control. Here are some simple tips that you need to keep in mind while preparing fenugreek seed to get rid of dandruff.
• Firstly, you need to put some fenugreek seeds in a small bowl of water and let it soak overnight.
• Once you wake up in the morning make sure that you mash the seeds to a paste-like substance. Then add little lemon juice to the paste and mix it well.
• Once this has formed into a paste, apply it onto your scalp and hair and leave it to dry for 30 minutes.
• After this is done you can wash your hair with shampoo and allow your hair to dry.
5. Baking soda:
Baking soda is a quick, convenient, and readily available dandruff remedy. It’s believed to act as a gentle exfoliant to remove dead skin cells and reduce scaling and itchiness. It also has anti fungal properties that may benefit dandruff treatment. An older test-tube study measured the antifungal effects of baking soda on some of the most common strains of fungus that cause skin infections and found that it completely inhibited fungal growth in 79% of specimens after 7 days.
Another older study looked at the effects of baking soda on 31 people with psoriasis. Treatment with baking soda baths significantly reduced both itchiness and irritation after just 3 weeks