Health and Hygiene
Health is the normal and sound state of the body. This is a great source of peace and happiness. A healthy life is a dream of each individual. World Health Organization (WHO) declared April 7th as World Health Day. This is celebrated with the goal of creating awareness among each individual. For being healthy we need to know the actual meaning of health and hygiene. . If a person is disease free or in a good physical state, but under stress, tension, anger, greed etc. than that person is not considered as a healthy person.
Hence, in addition to physical health, we must consider the mental and emotional health also, only than spiritual and social health can be achieved and man can progress forward for the well being of the society.
Health refers to a state of sound mind and physically fit body free from any disorder, sickness or ailment. In simple words, health refers to the physical, emotional and psychological well-being. health is“a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” As per the definition, a person cannot be said to be healthy merely by a disease-free condition. He/ she should be physically as well as mentally healthy. This demands a hygienic condition. Health and hygiene are two correlated terms.
The various aspects of health
- Mental Health
- Physical Health
- Emotional health
- Spiritual Health
Measures for good health
1. Regular exercise: Regular physical exercise is necessary to keep good health. Walking in the open air every morning and evening strengthens the muscles of the limbs and quickens the circulation of blood. A game every day before sunset is very advantageous. A man, taking regular exercise, will be much better fitted for the duties of life than a languid bookworm will.
2. Eat Vegetables: As a general rule, the more servings of fruits and vegetables you eat per day particularly non-starchy vegetables the better for your overall health and wellness, because fruits and vegetables are nutrient-dense, meaning that per calorie, they provide many healthy micronutrients like vitamins and minerals. As a general rule, the more servings of fruits and vegetables you eat per day particularly non-starchy vegetables the better for your overall health and wellness, because fruits and vegetables are nutrient-dense, meaning that per calorie, they provide many healthy micronutrients like vitamins and minerals
3. Pure air: The first requisite is pure air. To secure good health we must have a sufficient supply of fresh air. For this we should keep the environment clean.
4. Control Blood pressure: When hypertension is uncontrolled, one very serious complication that may arise is atherosclerosis. Essentially, very high blood pressure may contribute to the damage of important vessels in your body.
5. Proper sleep: Many people sleep too much. This renders them indolent. On the other hand, a zealous student goes to the opposite extreme. Both of these practices injure health. ‘Early to bed and early to rise’ is the be
6. Drink glasses of water: Staying hydrated is also essential for our overall health and wellness, although it’s a common misconception that everyone needs to drink eight glasses of water per day.
Hygiene refers to the good practices that prevent diseases and leads to good health, especially through cleanliness, proper sewage disposal, and supply of safe drinking water. It refers to all those activities that are done for improving and preserving, maintaining sound health. Hygiene can be defined as the practice of certain habits to maintain a good health. It can be at the personal level (personal hygiene) and at the community level (social hygiene).
1. Personal hygiene: Personal level hygiene includes cleanliness, physical exercise, proper rest, and sleep and other habits like avoiding smoking, drinking alcohols, drugs etc.. Majority of diseases can be prevented by keeping a good personal hygiene.
2. Social hygiene: Society includes the surrounding we live and other public places. A good environment has a great impact on the physical and mental condition of an individual. The untidy and improper way of disposal of waste in public places leads to unhealthy conditions.
Good Habits for Hygiene
1. Pure Water: Pure water is another source of good health. A great deal of sickness is caused by using impure water. People in villages often bathe, and wash clothes and cattle in tanks. If this water is used for drinking purposes, it may bring disastrous diseases. To make water pure it should be boiled, so that it may not do any harm.
2. Cleanliness: Cleanliness is necessary for good health. It is the most important hygiene habit. Dirt spreads diseases, because germs thrive in it. They move about with the dust in the air, so a dirty man is easily attacked with diseases. We should keep our clothes, beddings, food, utensils, and all other things neat and clean. No dirt should be allowed to gather near our houses. We should also keep our teeth and nails clean. We should remember that cleanliness is next to godliness.
3. Take Hygiene Food: Pure milk is the most nutritious food. Vegetables and many other things that we generally take are nutritious food. A mixed diet is the best food for us. Unhealthy food habits can cause food poisoning and lead to conditions like vomiting or stomach pains.
4. Eye and Mouth care: we must take care of our Eyes Ears Nose and Mouth Regularly.
Eye care: We should take great care of our eyes. Both inadequate light and excess of light are harmful to our eyes. Eyes become fatigued by study and require some rest. Bathing the eyes with cold water at night is a good hygiene habit.
Mouth care: Brush your teeth Twice a Day and Clean tongue also.
We must learn proper hygiene practices to preserve our health. Too much work or exercise, eating or drinking are injurious to health. A regulated life is very helpful to a sound health. Above all, the mind too, must be kept clean and pure.