Gallstones (commonly misspelled gall stones or gall stone) are solid particles that form from bile cholesterol and bilirubin in the gallbladder. Gallstones (commonly misspelled gall stones or gall stone) are solid particles that form from bile cholesterol and bilirubin in the gallbladder. Although it is common to have many smaller stones, a single larger stone or any combination of sizes is possible.

Gallstones within the gallbladder often cause no problems. If there are many or they are large, they may cause pain when the gallbladder responds to a fatty meal. You might not even know you have them until they block a bile duct, causing pain that you need to get treated right away. They also may cause problems if they block bile from leaving the gallbladder or move out of the gallbladder and block the bile duct.

Types of Gallstones

The two main kinds are:

  • Cholesterol stones. These are usually yellow-green in color. They’re the most common kind, accounting for 80% of gallstones.
  • Pigment stones. These stones are smaller and darker. They’re made up of bilirubin in the bile

Causes for Gallstones

There may be several reasons, including:

  • Your genes
  • As the stones mix with liquid bile, they can block the outflow of bile from the gallbladder
  • Your weight
  • Taking certain medications such as birth control pills or cholesterol lowering drugs.
  • Problems with your gallbladder
  • Contraction of the blocked gallbladder causes increased pressure, swelling, and, at times, infection of the gallbladder.
  • Diet
  • Rapid weight loss on a crash.
  • Bile can be part of the problem. Your body needs bile, but if it has too much cholesterol in it, that makes gallstones more likely.

Symptoms for Gallstones

You might not notice anything, or even know you have gallstones, unless your doctor tells you. Symptoms usually occur as complications develop. The most common symptom is pain in the right upper part of the abdomen. Because the pain comes in episodes, it is often referred to as an “attack.” Most people with gallstones have no symptoms. In fact, they are usually unaware that they have gallstones unless symptoms occur. These “silent gallstones” usually require no treatment.

  • Pain in your upper belly and upper back that can last for several hours
  • The pain is usually severe, dull, and constant, and can last from one to five hours.
  • Nausea
  • It may radiate to the right shoulder or back.
  • intolerance for fatty or greasy foods
  • Vomiting
  • It occurs frequently at night and may awaken the person from sleep
  • Other digestive problems, including bloating, indigestion, heartburn and Gas
  • The pain may make the person want to move around to seek relief, but many patients prefer to lay still and wait for the attack to subside.
  • Jaundice.

How do doctors Diagnosis

If your doctor thinks you may have gallstones, he’ll give you a physical exam. You may also get:

  • Blood tests to check for signs of infection or obstruction, and to rule out other conditions.
  • This quick procedure makes images of the inside of your body.
  • CT scan. Specialized X-rays allow your doctor to see inside your body, including your gallbladder.
  • Urine may be tested to rule out kidney infection. Kidney infections can cause abdominal pain similar to that caused by gallstones.
  • Endoscope is used to view parts of the patient’s biliary system.


There is no permanent medical cure for gallstones. Although there are medical measures that can be taken to remove stones or relive symptoms, they are only temporary. 

  • A device that generates shock waves is used to break gallstones up into tiny pieces.The effectiveness of ESWL in treating gallstones has not been fully established.
  • Dissolving stones. Drugs made from bile acids are used to dissolve the gallstones. This treatment is usually offered only to people who are not able to have surgery.
  • If gallstones are in your bile ducts, the doctor may use ERCP to find and remove them before or during gallbladder surgery.
  • If there is no infection or inflammation of the pancreas, the operation to remove the gallbladder can be performed immediately or within the next several days.

Home remedies to get rid Gall Stones:

Natural approaches to pain relief have become an alternative to harmful drugs. Before pursuing natural treatments

  • Exercise
  • Maintaining a healthy weight and engaging in physical activity can reduce gallbladder pain and decrease the amount of gallbladder pain attacks
  • Poor eating habits and foods high in sugars and fats can contribute to gallbladder disease and gallstones. A diet with less fat and more fiber can prevent gallstones and improve your health.
  • To relieve gallbladder pain, wet a towel with warm water and apply it to the affected area for 10 to 15 minutes
  • Drink Peppermint tea regularly to reduce the amount of gallbladder pain attacks you may experience.







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