What is Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is type of virus that typically affect the respiratory tract of mammals, including humans. They are associated with the common cold, pneumonia and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and can also affect the gut.

Coronaviruses were given their name based on the crown-like projections on their surfaces. “Corona” in Latin means “halo” or “crown.” Most Coronaviruses spread the same way other cold-causing viruses do: through infected people coughing and sneezing, by touching an infected person’s hands face or by touching things such as door knobs that infected people have touched. Corona viruses are more common in the fall and winter, but anyone can come down with a Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection at any time.

Some types of them are serious, though. About 858 people have died from Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), which first appeared in 2012 in Saudi Arabia and then in other countries in the Middle East, Africa, Asia and Europe.

Coronavirus is a type of virus which affects the respiratory system and the symptoms can also get severe and lead to more severe diseases like pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), said Dr Laxman from Mumbai Apollo Hospital.

WHO Says About CoronaVirus

On 31 December 2019, WHO was alerted to several cases of pneumonia in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China the virus did not match any other known virus. This raised concern because when a virus is new, we do not know how it affects people.

One week later, on 7 January, Chinese authorities confirmed that they had identified a new virus. The new virus is a coronavirus, which is a family of viruses that include the common cold, and viruses such as SARS and MERS. This new virus was temporarily named “2019-nCoV.”

Over the last 70 years, scientists have found that coronaviruses can infect mice, rats, dogs, cats, horses, pigs, and cattle.

Types of Corona

  1. 229E (alpha coronavirus)
  2. NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
  3. OC43 (beta coronavirus)
  4. HKU1 (beta coronavirus)

Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Human Corona Viruses (HCoV) were first identified in the 1960s in the noses of patients with the common cold. Common human Coronaviruses, including types 229E, NL63, OC43 and HKU1, usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses, like the common cold. Most people get infected with these viruses at some point in their lives these illnesses usually only last for a short amount of time. Symptoms may include.

  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • A general feeling of being unwell
  • Breathlessness
  • Exacerbated asthma
  • In rare cases fever

Causes of Coronavirus (COVID-19):

Most people will get infected with one or more of the common human Coronaviruses in their lifetime. Young children are most likely to get infected. However, people can have multiple infections in their lifetime.

  • The first and probably most common cause of the corona virus is transmitted through the air.Just like the other viruses. Most of the time, people will get infected when the other person coughs and sneezes. In the other person could breathe in the virus and get infected themselves.
  • Another way to transmit and become infected by the corona virus is with close contact with an infected person. Touching or shaking hands with a person that has the virus can pass the virus from one person to another.
  • Sharing living space with someone in close quarters and having physical contact with them can definitely be one of the causes of getting the Coronavirus (COVID-19). 
  • Touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose or eyes before washing your hands
  • On rare occasions, a corona virus may spread through contact with feces.
  • This is pretty rare and usually only in certain parts of the world where bathrooms and toilets are hard to come by. Almost all childcare facilities in the United States have specific areas high above the ground where diapers are changed and disposal units that are made to prevent the spread of illnesses like these.

What to Do About Coronavirus (COVID-19)

There is no vaccine for Coronavirus (COVID-19). To help prevent a Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection, do the same things you do to avoid the common cold:
  • Wash your hands regularly and use hand sanitizer that kills bacteria and viruses. Obviously, you also want to avoid touching any objects or surfaces that might be contaminated whenever possible.
  • Stay home while you sick.
  • Keep your hands and fingers away from your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are infected.
  • Covering the mouth and nose with a tissue or handkerchief while coughing or sneezing can also help prevent the spread of a Coronavirus (COVID-19).
  • Drink enough water.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces.


There are no specific treatments for illnesses caused by human Coronaviruses. You treat a Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection the same way you treat a cold:

 However, you can do some things to relieve your symptoms

  • Take pain and fever medications (Caution: do not give Aspirin to children)
  • Use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough.
  • Drink plenty of liquids.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Take over-the-counter medicine for a sore throat and fever.

If you are concerned about your symptoms, you should see your healthcare provider.


  • Covering the mouth and nose with a tissue or handkerchief while coughing or sneezing can also help prevent the spread of a Coronavirus (COVID-19).
  • Drink enough water.
  • Use Masks as possible.
  • Avoid smoking and smoky areas.
  • Avoid going in crowded places.
  • Cover your nose when you are around someone who is coughing or sneezing, etc.

The virus has caused alarm because it is still too early to know how dangerous it is and how easily it spreads between people. Also because it is new, humans have not been able to build immunity to it.

Read more about home remedies to avoid Coronaviurs (COVID-19) 

Home remedies for Coronavirus


How does the Novel Coronaviurs (COVID-19) spreads….

How does the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) spread?


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