Cataracts

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye that can cause changes in vision. If you’re over 60 and your vision has gotten blurry or cloudy, you may have cataracts.
      It’s a common condition in older adults, and it can be treated by your eye doctor.

There are different types of cataracts

             1. Age related (Nuclear cataracts)
             2. Congenital cataracts
             3. Secondary Cataracts
             4. Traumatic Cataracts
             5. Radiation Cataracts

Symptoms of Cataracts
     Cataracts usually form slowly. You may notice that your vision is blurred a little, like looking through a cloudy piece of glass or viewing an impressionist painting.

  • • Vision that’s cloudy, blurry, foggy, or filmy
    • Nearsightedness 
    • Clouded blurred and dim vision
    • Changes in the way you see color
    • Fading or Yellowing of color
    • Problems driving at night
    • Problems with glare during the day
    • Double vision in the affected eye
    • Sensitive to the light and glare
    • Trouble with eyeglasses or contact lenses not working well

Causes of Cataracts
     The lens inside the eye works much like a camera lens, focusing light onto the retina for clear vision

  • • Ultraviolet radiation
    • Diabetes
    • Hypertension
    • Obesity
    • Smoking
    • Previous eye injury or inflammation
    • Previous eye surgery
    • Hormone replacement therapy
    • Significant alcohol consumption
    • Family history

Treatment
Surgery is the only Treatment to remove Cataracts. When symptoms begin to appear, you may be able to improve your vision for a while using new glasses, strong bifocals, magnification, appropriate lighting or other visual aids.

Prevention is better than Cure

  • • Wear sunglasses during venturing out to protect the eyes from UVB rays
    • Get regular eye exams done
    • Eat fruits and vegetables having antioxidants
    • Stop smoking
    • exercise or maintain a healthy body weight
    • Keep diabetes and any other medical conditions in regular check

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