Benefits of Peanut ( Ground nut)


Peanuts are not nuts. They are legumes. They are popular all around the world for their delicious taste. Peanut is known by several names like groundnut, earthnut, monkey nut, pygmy nut, pignut or goober peas. peanut is a member of the legume family along with beans and peas. These nuts are enclosed in a hard wrinkled outer shell or pod which contains two or sometimes, three kernels. The seeds are egg shaped and their size depends upon the cultivar type. Peanuts contain essential functional nutrients like fibers, proteins, antioxidants, polyphenols and vitamins and minerals. Their powerful constituents promote heart health and aid diabetes treatment. Peanuts also contain resveratrol, a bioflavonoid known to cut the risk of stroke. Peanuts are chock-full of important nutrients, antioxidants and fatty acids.

They are often touted as the ‘poor man’s protein’. Groundnuts can be detrimental to your health if you consume too many of them. A lot of people experience peanut allergies due to some of the proteins in them. The nuts are packed with many important B-complex groups of vitamins such as riboflavin, niacin, thiamin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B-6 and folates. They are also rich in fats and are used to make extract groundnut oil too.

Benefits of Groundnut ( Peanut )

  1. Promotes heart Health:

Peanut helps combat heart disease. Peanuts seem to have similar cardio protective effects as other nuts. Bad cholesterol leads to plaque development on the blood vessels, and peanuts can prevent this. Peanuts had increased the levels of good cholesterol. The high levels of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats in peanuts help to keep your heart healthy. Groundnut contains monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats that keep the heart healthy.

     2.  High source of Protein Minerals and Vitamins:

Groundnuts have been shown to be an extremely high source of plant protein. Groundnut is a rich source of minerals. And some of these minerals include magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, calcium, sodium, etc. Groundnut provides our body with essential vitamins, which helps in regulating metabolism, converting fat and carbohydrates into energy, and facilitating bone and tissue formation.

    3.  Prevent Diabetes:

Peanut can lower the risk of diabetes. Peanut butter to a meal doesn’t spike blood sugar levels. Including them along with a meal high in GL (like a bagel or a glass of juice) may stabilize the blood sugar levels. This can be attributed to the presence of manganese, a mineral, calcium absorption and blood sugar regulation. The fiber in peanuts also helps lower blood sugar levels. peanut butter can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in women.

    4. Boost your Hair growth:

Peanuts contain all the amino acids and protein, they might be a goodsupplementation to a diet for hair growth. Peanuts contain Vitamin C which assists in the production of collagen that keeps the tissues of our hair together. Peanuts are replete with nutrients. They are among the most nutritionally dense foods on the planet. Besides, they contain I-arginine which is used in the treatment of male pattern baldness while omega-3 fatty acids strengthen our hair follicles and promote hair growth.

     5. Prevent Gallstones:

Consumption of peanuts is linked to a lowered risk of gallstones. Women consuming 5 or more units of nuts a week had a reduced risk of removal of the gallbladder. Eating an ounce of peanuts or peanut butter can lower the risk of developing gallstones by 25%.

       6. Antidepressant:

Women who are suffering from postpartum depression may find groundnuts beneficial. The increased amount of serotonin in the blood can help fight depression and improve your overall mood.

     7. Helps to weight loss:

Compared to eating them with a meal, peanuts elicited stronger feelings of fullness when consumed as a snack. The combination of fiber, fat and protein content in peanuts makes them a high satiety food.  Peanut (along with other nuts) in one’s diet is one way to enhance palatability and nutrient intake without causing weight gain. They are also good sources of energy and help in increasing the metabolic rate. All these properties contribute to weight loss.

      8. Improves memory:

Peanuts are often called the “brain food” as they contain Vitamin B3 or niacin which improves brain functioning and boosts memory. They also contain a flavonoid called resveratrol which helps in improving blood flow to the brain by 30%.

     9. Rich in Antioxidants:

Groundnut skins are rich in phenolic compounds, which go to say that they are antioxidant rich. According to a 2012 study from North Carolina University, published in the “Journal of Food Science,” it was reported that adding a 5 percent concentration of peanut (groundnut) skins to peanut butter significantly increased its antioxidant levels without sacrificing taste or texture.

   10. Help fight Depression:

Peanuts contain an amino acid called tryptophan which aids the release of serotonin, thus helping you fight depression.

  11. May Prevent Cancer:

High intake of peanuts has been associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer.  Peanuts were also found to prevent gastric and esophageal cancers.  Men and women who consumed peanuts at least twice a week respectively had 32% and 60% lower risk of getting colon cancer.

   12. Benefit in Pregnancy:

Peanuts are a good source of folate. Eating peanuts during pregnancy can also lower the risk of allergic diseases, like asthma in children.

   13. Fertility Booster:

Groundnuts are rich in folates and boost fertility. Doctors recommend consuming folic acid when women plan pregnancies. A development that usually occurs even before a woman realizes she is pregnant.

Groundnuts are a rich source of vitamin B2 or niacin. This vitamin, though required only in trace quantities, is highly beneficial for maintaining and enhancing cognitive functioning. Peanut kernels are a good source of dietary protein; compose fine quality amino acids that are essential for growth and development.




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