Bacterial Infectious Diseases

An Overview

Bacterial infections are common and their effects vary. There are a number of different bacteria that can cause illness and you can become exposed to them in a variety of ways. Bacteria are living things that have only one cell. Under a microscope, they look like balls, rods or spirals.  Many are helpful. Some bacteria help to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells and give the body needed vitamins. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese.

Bacteria are small organisms that can invade the body, causing illness. These infections usually trigger a protective immune response. You also have innate bacteria in your body that helps digest your food and protect your body from harmful bacteria. Infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. A huge pathogenic bacteria list, and a huge list of pathogenic diseases show how these bacteria are a major cause of infection and diseases, and how they are responsible for human death.

Bacterial infection treatments depend upon the severity of a disease and how far the bacteria have spread. Broad-spectrum antibiotics such as tetracycline are capable of attacking and killing many different types of bacteria. A doctor must identify the specific bacteria before prescribing a bacterial infection treatment. This is usually accomplished via blood tests, urine tests, or a culture of an obviously infected area. Typhoid, urinary tract infections (UTI’s) and strep throat are common bacterial infections. The bacteria can be inhaled or ingested. Bacteria can gain entry to your insides through a break in the skin as well.

Common Bacterial Infections

  • Stomach Infection
  • Leprosy
  • Cellulitis
  • Tonsillitis
  • Eye Stye
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Acne
  • Skin infection
  • Pimples on skin
  • Sinus Infection

Other Diseases that causes due to bacterial infection

  1. Anthrax: Multiplication of Bacillus anthrax in the body.
  2. Bacterial meningitis: Inflammation of the protective membranes of the central nervous system, due to Neustria meningitides or Streptococcus pneumonia.
  3. Botulism: Blockage of nerve function and respiratory, as well as musculoskeletal paralysis due to toxins from Clostridium botulism
  4. Brucellosis: Entrance of brucellosis spp (Brucella spp). bacteria by direct contact or untreated/contaminated milk of animals.
  5. Cellulitis: Infection in the deepest layer of the skin, a red, hot, irritated, and painful skin rash commonly found on face and legs.
  6. Cat scratch disease: Also regarded as cat scratch fever, Teeny’s Disease, or Subacute regional lymphadenitis is known to have been caused by the bacteria Bartonella
  7. Cholera: Transmission of Vibrio cholerae by ingestion of contaminated food or water causes diarrhea.
  8. Diphtheria: Upper respiratory tract infection of Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and is characterized by sore throat, low-grade fever, and an adherent layer on the tonsils, nasal cavity, pharynx.
  9. Epidemic Typhus: Epidemic typhus caused by louse-borne bacteria called Rickets prowazekii.
  10. Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea common sexually transmitted disease caused by Neustria gonorrhea.
  11. Impetigo: Superficial skin infection that is caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes, and is common in the age group of 2 to 6.
  12. Eye stye: Crusty eyelids or swollen, painful, bumpy, lumpy, cyst like growth on the eyelid caused by Staph bacteria.
  13. Legionellosis: Pneumonia or acute influenza-like respiratory illness caused by Legionella spp.
  14. LeprosyMycobacterium leprae causes chronic skin infection resulting in disfiguring, skin sores, nerve damage and progressive debilitation.
  15. Leptospirosis: Biphasic disease with meningitis, liver damage and renal failure due to Leptospira spp.
  16. Listeriosis: Listeria monocytogenes infection that occurs in newborns, the elderly, and immunocompromised patients.
  17. Lyme disease: Lyme disease caused by bacteria from genus Borrelia, and characterized by rash and flu symptoms followed by musculoskeletal, psychiatric, neurologic, arthritic, and cardiac manifestations.
  18. Melioidosis: Melioidosis caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, which is found in soil and water.
  19. MRSA infection: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection characterized by rapid weight loss and muscle depletion.
  20. Nocardiosis: Nocardia asteroides or N. brasiliensis affects either the lungs or the entire body.
  21. Pertussis (Whooping cough): Bordetella pertussis infection resulting in severe hacking cough followed by palpitations.
  22. Plague: Plague occurs when a person is bitten by a flea infected with Yersinia pestis.
  23. Pneumococcal pneumonia: Streptococcus pneumoniae infection of the lungs and respiratory system, where the alveoli are inflamed and filled with fluid.
  24. Psittacosis: Psittacosis arises when the bacteria Chlamydophila psittaci is contracted from parrots, pigeons, hens, ducks, sparrows and seagulls.
  25. Q fever: Q fever due to inhalation of contaminated particles in the air or contact with the vaginal mucus, milk, feces, semen and urine of animals infected with Coxiella burnetii.
  26. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever: Severe rickettsial illness caused by ticks infected with Rickettsia rickettsii
  27. Salmonellosis: Salmonella infection that causes typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever and food-borne illness.
  28. Scarlet fever: Infection may occur through bloodstream or skin and underlying tissues.
  29. Shigellosis: Dysentery due to poor hygiene leading to infection by Shigella spp.
  30. Syphilis: Sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum.
  31. Tonsils: Throat feels like sandpaper.
  32. Tetanus: Prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle fibers due to infection of Clostridium tetani
  33. Trachoma: Chlamydia trachomatis infection of human eye, probably leading to blindness.
  34. Tuberculosis: Lung infection causing a bad cough, resulting in weight loss and weakness.
  35. Tularemia: Characterized by an infection of Francisella tularensis bacteria leading to headache, fatigue, muscle pains, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, inflammation of face and eyes and lymph nodes.
  36. Typhoid fever: Due to ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Salmonella enterica enterica.
  37. Typhus: Infection by bacteria of genus Rickettsia leading to severe headache, sustained high fever, severe muscle pain, rash, cough, chills, stupor, decreasing blood pressure and delirium.
  38. Urinary tract infections: Cystitis or pyelonephritis that arises due to Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus

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