Anemia

 Description  

Anemia happens when there is a decreased number of circulating red blood cells in the body. The body needs red blood cells to survive. They carry hemoglobin, a complex protein that contains iron molecules. These molecules carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.

Anemia is a condition in which you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to the body’s tissues. Having anemia may make you feel tired and weak

The most common symptom of all types of anemia is a feeling of fatigue and a lack of energy.

Symptoms of Anemia

  • paleness of skin.
  • heartbeat.
  • shortness of breath.
  • chest pain.
  • headache.
  • lightheadedness.
  • Have a feeling of a heart range.
  • Feel short of breath.
  • Have worsening heart problems.

Causes of Anemia

  • The most common type of anemia iron deficiency anemia often falls into this category. It is caused by a shortage of iron, most often through blood loss.
  • Gastrointestinal conditions, such as ulcers,hemorrhoids, cancer or gastritis.
  • Menstrual bleeding.
  • Toxins produced through advanced kidney or liver disease.     
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia.
  • Your body doesn’t make enough red blood cells.
  • Bleeding causes you to lose red blood cells more quickly than they can be replaced.
  • Your body destroys red blood cells.
  • Aplastic anemia include infections, certain medicines, autoimmune diseases and exposure to toxic chemicals.
  • Leukemia and myelofibrosis, can cause anemia by affecting blood production in your bone marrow.

Treatment

      Anemia treatment depends on the cause.

  1. Iron deficiency anemia.

Treatment for this form of anemia usually involves taking iron supplements and making changes to your diet. If the underlying cause of iron deficiency is loss of blood  other than from menstruation  the source of the bleeding must be located and stopped. This may involve surgery.

  1. Vitamin deficiency anemia.

Treatment for folic acid and B12 deficiency involves dietary supplements and increasing these nutrients in your diet.

 

 

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