Cigarette smoking is the major focus of this chapter because it is the central public health problem, but the topics of secondhand smoke exposure, smoking of other combustible tobacco products, smokeless tobacco and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are also considered. No matter how you smoke it, tobacco is dangerous to your health. There are no safe substances in any tobacco products from acetone and tar to nicotine and carbon monoxide. The substances you inhale don’t just affect your lungs. When you smoke, harmful chemicals enter your lungs and spread through your body. They can reach your brain, heart and other organs within 10 seconds of your first puff, go everywhere your blood flows, harming every part of your body.

Tobacco is the single greatest preventable cause of illness and premature death in the U.S. Tobacco use is now called “Tobacco dependence disease. Smoking can lead to a variety of ongoing complications in the body, as well as long-term effects on your body systems. While smoking can increase your risk of a variety of problems over several years, some of the bodily effects are immediate. Smoking is the cause of about 5 million deaths per year. This makes it the most common cause of preventable early death. One study found that male and female smokers lose on average of 13.2 and 14.5 years of life respectively.

Cigarette smoking causes chronic diseases that appear at older ages, such as lung cancer, as well as adverse health effects that occur in the short run. The immediate and short-term adverse health effects of cigarette smoking are less likely to be directly fatal than the long-term health effects. Tobacco is a leading preventable cause of death, killing nearly six million people worldwide each year. Reversing this entirely preventable man made epidemic should be our top priority. This global tobacco epidemic kills more people than tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and malaria combined. The tobacco problem in India is peculiar with consumption of variety of smokeless and smoking forms. Understanding the tobacco problem in India, focusing more efforts on what works and investigating the impact of sociocultural diversity and cost-effectiveness of various modalities of tobacco control should be our priority.

Health issues to use Tobacco

  1. Central Nervous System Disorders:

The main ingredient in cigarette is nicotine which is mood altering element. It reaches your brain in mere seconds and makes you energized at a particular point in time. But later on it has a very bad effect on your body. It makes you feel tired and increase your craving for more cigarettes and can cause nervous disorders like shakes and shivers in the hands and body.

  1. Lung Damage:

Cigarettes are responsible for a substantial increase in the risk of developing lung cancer. This risk is 25 times greater for men and 25.7 times greater for women. The CDC report that roughly 9 out of 10 lung cancer deaths is linked to smoking.

  1. Respiratory Problem:

The consumption of cigarette has a huge impact on the respiratory system. It damages the lungs and makes them the weak causing problematic breathing. Smoking is the main cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a serious progressive and disabling condition that limits airflow in the lungs. The increase in an amount of smoking will increase the risk of lung damage and poor health causing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and also leading to lung cancer. Active smoking also worsens asthma in active smokers and is associated with an increased risk for asthma in adolescents and adults.

  1. Heart disease:

Smoking is major cause of cardiovascular disease, such as heart disease and stroke. Smoking also increases the risk of peripheral artery disease (PAD), which occurs when the arteries to the arms and legs start to narrow, restricting blood flow.  Smoking increases the risk of blood clots, which block blood flow to the heart, brain or legs. The chemicals and tar in cigarettes can increase a person’s risk of atherosclerosis, which is the buildup of plaque in the blood vessels. This buildup limits blood flow and can lead to dangerous blockages. Some smokers end up having their limbs amputated due to blood circulation problems caused by smoking.

  1. Effects Cardiovascular System:

Smoking damages the cardiovascular system. Nicotine causes blood vessels to tighten which results in stopping the blood flow. The stoppage to the flow of blood causes peripheral artery disease. Smoking also raises blood pressure, weakens blood vessel walls and increases blood clots. Together, this raises your risk of stroke. Smoking not only impacts your cardiovascular health, but also the health of those around you who don’t smoke

  1. Fertility Problems:

Smoking cigarettes can damage a female’s reproductive system and make it more difficult to get pregnant. In males, the more cigarettes a person smokes and the longer they smoke for the higher the risk of erectile dysfunction. Smoking can also affect the quality of the sperm and therefore reduce fertility.

  1. Damages Integumentary System:

Integumentary System is the key function that protects the skin and the other organs of the body from any damage. The skin shows changes very quickly when a person gets addicted to smoking. Substances in tobacco smoke actually change the structure of your skin. A recent study has shown that smoking dramatically increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma (skin cancer). Smoking changes the structure of your skin. The fingernails are also infected very smoking. These side effects are temporary and can be cured by quitting smoking.

  1. Type 2 Diabetes:

Smoking causes type 2 diabetes, with the risk of developing diabetes 30 to 40% higher for active smokers than non-smokers. The CDC report that people who smoke regularly have a 30–40 percent higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those who do not. Smoking may also worsen some of the health conditions related to type 1 diabetes, such as kidney disease.

  1. Digestive System Disorders:

Smoking causes risk to the mouth, throat, larynx and esophagus of a person and cause cancer to the mentioned organs. Smokers have the highest rate of pancreatic cancer. Smoking also puts a bad impact on the insulin and develops insulin resistance. This can cause the person to suffer from type 2 diabetes.

    10. Cancer:

Smoking causes most  and can cause cancer almost anywhere on the body. This includes the lips, tongue, mouth, nose, oesophagus, throat, voice box, stomach, liver, kidney, pancreas, bladder, blood, cervix, vulva, penis and anus. Even people who “smoke but don’t inhale” face an increased risk of mouth cancer.

Some more Issues

  • Reduce your life expectancy and your quality of life.
  • Smoking increase the risk of gum diseases, tooth loss and tooth sensitivity. Once a person has gum damage, smoking also makes it harder for their gums to heal.
  • Increase your risk of many conditions and diseases as well as of dying prematurely.
  • Smoking damages eyes.
  • Smoking reduces blood flow to the inner ear. Smokers may also lose their hearing earlier than a non-smoker.
  • Smoking is a risk factor for osteoporosis and in women may result in early menopause compared to a non-smoker.

If you smoke a pack of cigarettes a day, you could be spending more than 100,000 a   year on cigarettes. It’s also a big financial problem of your Family.

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