Brain Tumor

Description

A brain tumor is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in your brain. Like all cancer, brain cancer can also be either benign or malignant. While benign is the kind of cancer which is restricted to one specific place, the malignant cancer is that type of cancer which generally loves attack and spread to a new part of the body. Primary brain cancer begins in cells of the brain itself. More commonly, cancer in the brain occurs when cancers elsewhere in the body the body spread or metastasize to the brain.

Glioma is the most common type of malignant brain cancer. This is caused when the glial cells which support the nerve cells become cancerous. Many different types of brain tumors exist. Some brain tumors are noncancerous (benign), and some brain tumors are cancerous (malignant). Brain tumors can begin in your brain (primary brain tumors), or cancer can begin in other parts of your body and spread to your brain. Cancer develops when the DNA changes turn on your ontogenesis. It also occurs when the DNA turns off the tumor suppressor genes. Certain risk factors make you susceptible to the condition.

Types of Brain Tumors:

Number staging systems usually use the TNM system to divide cancers into stages. Most types of cancer have 4 stages, numbered from 1 to 4

Type 1: Grade I brain tumors are noncancerous or very slow-growing, and the cells look almost identical to healthy cells. They can often be cured with surgery.

Type 2: brain tumors are cancerous yet slow-growing, and the cells look slightly abnormal when viewed under a microscope the tumor grows slowly but may spread into nearby tissues or recur

Type 3:  brain tumors are cancerous and grow faster than grade I and II tumors. The tumor grows quickly, is likely to spread into nearby tissues, and the tumor cells look very different from normal cells. About 30 to 38% of people with this type of tumour will survive for 5 years or more after they are diagnosed.

Type 4:  brain tumors are fast-growing and have a number of abnormal characteristics that are apparent when the cells are viewed under a microscope.  In addition, the tumor has blood vessel growth and areas of dead tissue. These tumors can grow and spread quickly.

Symptoms of Brain Tumor:

The signs and symptoms of a brain tumor vary greatly and depend on the brain tumor size, location and rate of growth.

  • Headache (About every 1 in 3 persons with a brain cancer have reported to having headaches as an early symptom)
  • Eye related problems such as floating shapes, vision, loss of vision or a tunnel vision come and go but helps in the detection of brain cancer in the early stage.
  • Headaches that gradually become more frequent and more severe
  • Weakness
  • Gradual loss of sensation or movement in an arm or a leg
  • Clumsiness
  • Confusion in everyday matters
  • difficulty walking
  • seizures
  • Especially in someone who doesn’t have a history of seizures
  • altered mental status
  • vomiting
  • Hearing problems
  • Nausea
  • Vision abnormalities.
  • include speech difficulty
  • Migraine is one of the prime symptoms of brain cancer and is one of the things with which people can easily detect whether they are suffering from brain cancer or not.
  • Dizziness
  • muscle weakness
  • sleepiness
  • memory problems
  • fatigue
  • personality changes
  • Feeling nausea and hiccups are very common. Apart from nausea, breathing issues are also common symptoms of brain cancer.
  • Confusion
  • Tension (If a person remains tensed almost throughout the day, then there is a high chance that you will be affected with all the side effects or symptoms of brain cancer)
  • Drowsiness is a later symptom of the brain cancer.

Causes for Brain Tumor:

Primary brain tumors originate in the brain itself or in tissues close to it, such as in the brain-covering membranes (meninges), cranial nerves, pituitary gland or pineal gland. The causes of brain cancer are still not known.

  • Brain cancer which originates in the brain is called primary brain cancer which spreads to the nearby parts of the brain while cancers of the skin, lung, blood cells or breast can metastasize to the brain leading to the cause of metastatic brain cancer.
  • Age plays one of the factors of brain cancer.
  • People who have had suffered from a kind of cancer previously are most likely to suffer.
  • People who suffer from rare inherited disorders can also develop cancer in the brain.
  • If a person is overweight or has more body mass index then he has more chance of suffering from brain tumour than those people who have the necessary weight or body mass index.
  • Usage of different electronics such as mobile phones, iPods, etc.
  • Previous radiotherapy treatment
  • Family history
  • While you cannot pinpoint the exact reason for developing a cancerous presence in the brain.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Researchers are currently looking for biomarkers in the tumor tissue that could make a brain tumor easier to diagnose and allow for the staging of an adult brain tumor in the future. Researchers are also looking at other genetic tests that may predict a patient’s prognosis. These tools may someday help doctors predict the chance that a brain tumor will grow, develop more effective treatments, and more accurately predict prognosis. Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors:

  • The size, type and grade of the tumor
  • Whether the tumor is putting pressure on vital parts of the brain
  • Brain tumorsare treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Our doctors also are studying a vaccine for treating a recurrent cancer of the central nervous system that occurs primarily in the brain, known as glioma. Depending on your needs, several methods may be used.
  • A neurological exam may include, among other things, checking your vision, hearing, balance, coordination, strength and reflexes.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is commonly used to help diagnose brain tumors.
  • A biopsy can be performed as part of an operation to remove the brain tumor, or a biopsy can be performed using a needle.
  • Surgery is the removal of the tumor and some surrounding healthy tissue during an operation. It is usually the first treatment used for a brain tumor and is often the only treatment needed for a low-grade brain tumor.
  • Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy tumor cells.
  • Molecular diagnostics, an individualized medicine approach that analyzes the DNA of a tumor.
  • Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy tumor cells, usually by keeping the tumor cells from growing, dividing, and making more cells.
  • Some types of immunotherapy have shown promise in treating brain metastases from lung cancer and melanoma

 

Type 4:  brain tumors are fast-growing and have a number of abnormal characteristics that are apparent when the cells are viewed under a microscope.  In addition, the tumor has blood vessel growth and areas of dead tissue. These tumors can grow and spread quickly.

Symptoms of Brain Tumor:

The signs and symptoms of a brain tumor vary greatly and depend on the brain tumor’s size, location and rate of growth.

  • Headache (About every 1 in 3 persons with a brain cancer have reported to having headaches as an early symptom)
  • Eye related problems such as floating shapes, vision, loss of vision or a tunnel vision come and go but helps in the detection of brain cancer in the early stage.
  • Headaches that gradually become more frequent and more severe
  • Weakness
  • Gradual loss of sensation or movement in an arm or a leg
  • Clumsiness
  • Confusion in everyday matters
  • difficulty walking
  • seizures
  • Especially in someone who doesn’t have a history of seizures
  • altered mental status
  • vomiting
  • Hearing problems
  • Nausea
  • Vision abnormalities.
  • include speech difficulty
  • Migraine is one of the prime symptoms of brain cancer and is one of the things with which people can easily detect whether they are suffering from brain cancer or not.
  • Dizziness
  • muscle weakness
  • sleepiness
  • memory problems
  • fatigue
  • personality changes
  • Feeling nausea and hiccups are very common. Apart from nausea, breathing issues are also common symptoms of brain cancer.
  • Confusion
  • Tension (If a person remains tensed almost throughout the day, then there is a high chance that you will be affected with all the side effects or symptoms of brain cancer)
  • Drowsiness is a later symptom of the brain cancer.

Causes for Brain Tumor:

Primary brain tumors originate in the brain itself or in tissues close to it, such as in the brain-covering membranes (meninges), cranial nerves, pituitary gland or pineal gland. The causes of brain cancer are still not known.

  • Brain cancer which originates in the brain is called primary brain cancer which spreads to the nearby parts of the brain while cancers of the skin, lung, blood cells or breast can metastasize to the brain leading to the cause of metastatic brain cancer.
  • Age plays one of the factors of brain cancer.
  • People who have had suffered from a kind of cancer previously are most likely to suffer.
  • People who suffer from rare inherited disorders can also develop cancer in the brain.
  • If a person is overweight or has more body mass index then he has more chance of suffering from brain tumour than those people who have the necessary weight or body mass index.
  • Usage of different electronics such as mobile phones, iPods, etc.
  • Previous radiotherapy treatment
  • Family history
  • While you cannot pinpoint the exact reason for developing a cancerous presence in the brain.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Researchers are currently looking for biomarkers in the tumor tissue that could make a brain tumor easier to diagnose and allow for the staging of an adult brain tumor in the future. Researchers are also looking at other genetic tests that may predict a patient’s prognosis. These tools may someday help doctors predict the chance that a brain tumor will grow, develop more effective treatments, and more accurately predict prognosis. Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors:

  • The size, type, and grade of the tumor
  • Whether the tumor is putting pressure on vital parts of the brain
  • Brain tumorsare treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Our doctors also are studying a vaccine for treating a recurrent cancer of the central nervous system that occurs primarily in the brain, known as glioma. Depending on your needs, several methods may be used.
  • A neurological exam may include, among other things, checking your vision, hearing, balance, coordination, strength and reflexes.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is commonly used to help diagnose brain tumors.
  • A biopsy can be performed as part of an operation to remove the brain tumor, or a biopsy can be performed using a needle.
  • Surgery is the removal of the tumor and some surrounding healthy tissue during an operation. It is usually the first treatment used for a brain tumor and is often the only treatment needed for a low-grade brain tumor.
  • Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy tumor cells.
  • Molecular diagnostics, an individualized medicine approach that analyzes the DNA of a tumor.
  • Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy tumor cells, usually by keeping the tumor cells from growing, dividing, and making more cells.
  • Some types of immunotherapy have shown promise in treating brain metastases from lung cancer and melanoma

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *